The process of ratification of the new american constitution happened between september 1787 and the month of july the following year the federal convention which had been given the sole responsibility of drafting the constitution did not have the power to impose it on america as a whole. It was during the ratification debate in the state of new york that hamilton, madison, and john jay wrote a series of newspaper essays under the pen name of publius, later collected in book form. The federalist papers consist of eighty-five letters written to newspapers in the late 1780s to urge ratification of the us constitution with the constitution needing approval from nine of.
An amendment to the constitution is a change that can add to the constitution or change an older part of it originally, some people did not want to ratify the constitution one big reason was that it did not have a bill of rights. He was a founding father, an author of the federalist papers, the first secretary of the treasury, and the architect of the first fiscal plan for the united states after the ratification of the constitution. On september 25, 1789, the first congress of the united states adopted 12 amendments to the us constitution-the bill of rights-and sent them to the states for ratification. During 1787 and 1788 there were quite a few debates over the ratification of the united states constitution the issues disputed are outlined and explored in the federalist papers, an assortment of letters and essays, often published under pseudonyms, which emerged in a variety of publications after the constitution was presented to the public.
The constitution of the united states of america is the supreme law of the united states empowered with the sovereign authority of the people by the framers and the consent of the legislatures of. Essay about us constitution ratification debates 789 words | 4 pages us constitution ratification debates on september 28, 1787, after three days of bitter debate, the confederation congress sent the constitution to the states with neither an endorsement nor a condemnation. So as any students of ap history classes will know, a document based question requires you to create an essay based on quotes from several provided documents, i recently wrote an essay on the debates for and against the ratification of the constitution by the federalists and ant-federalists.
The history of the ratification of the constitution essay dbq: ratifying the constitution directions- read all the documents answer all the questions and the essay on loose-leaf - the history of the ratification of the constitution essay introduction. During the struggle for ratification, the federalists and antifederalists engaged in a great newspaper and pamphlet debate over the proposed constitution. Their essays were directed primarily at new yorkers only twenty-four of the eighty-five federalist papers were re-published outside new york during the ratification controversy. The federalist papers is a treatise on free government in peace and security it is the outstanding american contribution to the literature on constitutional democracy and federalism, and a classic of western political thought the federalist papers were written in support of the ratification of the.
The federalist papers, in particular, argued in favor of ratification and sought to convince people that the new government would not become tyrannical finally, in june 1788, new hampshire became the ninth state to approve the constitution, making it the law of the land. Ratification did not come easily or without opposition led by patrick henry of virginia, a group of influential colonial patriots known as the anti-federalists publicly opposed the new constitution in town hall meetings, newspapers, and pamphlets. Essay title: the ratification of the constitution the ratification of the constitution in 1787, the constitution was created to replace the articles of confederation, because it was felt that the articles weren't sufficient for running the country. The federalist papers are generally considered to have been vital to the successful ratification of the constitution as seen from the list below, the fight for ratification was intense, and the result was extremely close. Reasons the articles of confederation led to the ratification of the constitution essay sample after america had declared independence from great britain in 1776, the next step was to construct a new set of government laws to govern the new nation.
When the new constitution was proposed in the year 1787, many arguments arose that opposed its ratification when the framers of the constitution met on the 17th of september that year, they asked every state to call a special convention that would take into consideration the ratification of the new constitution. At the time of ratification of the us constitution, the new american nation of the early nineteenth century found its citizens divided in their political views. Those who favored ratification, the federalists, fought back, convinced that rejection of the constitution would result in anarchy and civil strife alexander hamilton, james madison, and john jay responded to clinton under the pen name publius. Those who favored ratification of the constitution were known as federalists those who opposed its ratification were known as anti-federalists according to constitutionfactscom, the constitution solved many of the problems that plagued the country under the articles of confederation.
Ratification of the constitution in 1787 the constitution was written and submitted to the states for ratification, this leading to months of fierce debate some states welcomed the new constitution but others were fearful of it. Anti-federalists published their own series of essays, under such pen names as brutus, to discourage ratification in response to the opposition, john hancock at the massachusetts ratifying convention proposed that a bill of rights be added as the first group of amendments to the constitution. The constitution is the highest law in the united states it provides the framework for the government after the constitution, the federalist papers were created, works to ratify this constitution.